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C7 Piwniczna



Multifunctional mountain forests: an example from southern Poland


General information on the forests of Piwniczna FD.

Forest communityMostly fertile beech (Fagus sylvatica) forests, smaller areas occupied by silver fir (Abies alba) forests
Total forest area13 275 ha
Main management typesComplex cutting systems, mostly irregular shelterwood system
Total volume343 m³/ha
Annual growth9.1 m³/ha
Annual use7.75 m³/ha
Deadwood (standing and lying)Total – 20.8 m³/ha (standing – 7.4 m³/ha, lying – 13.4 m³/ha)
Altitude336 m – 1265 m
OwnershipState Forests
GeologyCarpathian Flysch – a mix of sandstones and shales
Protected area (total)Nature reserves – 430 ha; landscape park covers 99 % of the area of Piwniczna FD
Nature protection area (Natura 2000)Special area of conservation (SAC; PLH120019) – 13 099 ha Special protection area (SPA; PLB180002) – 174 ha; in total 99 % of the Piwniczna FD
Protective function98 % of the Piwniczna FD has the status of ‘protection forests’