The Swiss Federal Institute for Forest Snow and Landscape Research WSL

C6 Pahernik Forest

A case from Slovenia

Basic information of Pahernik forest according to the last forest management plan (2014–2023).

Forest community – Beech forest with white wood-rush
Luzulo–Fagetum (66 %)
– Fir forest with round-leaved bedstraw
Galio rotundifolii–Abietetum (23 %)
– Spruce forest with wavy hairgrass
Avenello flexuosae–Piceetum (3.5 %)
– Spruce forest with great wood-rush
Luzulo sylvaticae–Piceetum (3 %)
– Beech forest with hard fern
Blechno–Fagetum (3 %)
– Forests of valuable broadleaved trees on non-carbonate bedrock
Dryopterido affinis–Aceretum pseudoplatani (1 %) on ravines and slopes
– Fir forest with Long-Leaved Fork-Moss
Paraleucobryo–Abietetum (0.3 %)
– Grey alder forest with balm-leaved archangel
Lamio orvalae–Alnetum incanae (0.2 %)
Total forest area 570 ha
Main management types Freestyle silvicultural system following natural principles (from single and group selection to irregular shelterwood)
Total volume 453 m³/ha
Annual growth 10.8 m³/ha
Annual use 8 m³/ha
Deadwood (standing and lying) 11.6 m³/ha
Altitude Between 370–1542 m
Ownership Pahernik Foundation
Geology Lower part: metamorphic stones (gneiss, phyllite)
Upper part: magmatic stones (tonalite, dacite)
Soils are mostly acid brown soils (district cambisol)
Protected area 14.3 ha are ecocells
Nature protection area (Natura 2000) 331 ha
Main function – biodiversity conservation 73 ha
Main function – Protective
(protection of forest stands and soil)
311 ha
Main function – social Protection: protection of forest roads Hudi kot – Kralj and road on Pungart
Aesthetic: around chapels and church, Pahernik spruce and stone sculptures
Educational: on paths leading through educational objects (forest)